לפרטים נוספים: 1-700-50-9992

kukeri - טיולים לרחבי העולם

the films were taken in former tours to the pernik festival

next kukeri tours are on 4-7/1 , 16-20/1 and 23-19/1 pernik festival

 

Mummers – or Kukeri in Bulgarian – are men (nowadays also women) who are dressed picturesquely and wear scary masks representing animals with horns like rams, bulls, goats, etc. They appear in different parts of Bulgaria during the winter period.


 

In Pirin area they come for New Year’s eve, in Pernik the celebrations take part in the end of January, while in other places in Bulgaria they appear and are traditionally associated with the beginning of the Easter lent.


 

There are many theories about where the custom came from and what symbolism it expresses. The prevalent explanation is that Kukeri are mainly connected to the the ancient Greek god of wine and joy Dionysus


 

Moreover - satyres, the Dionysus companions, could be taken as the prototype of the kukeri. The very word kukeri is also of Thracian origin and means tall, masked people.


 

Mummers are known by different names – dzhamals, camels, bulls, elders, hunters, bobbers, peasants. They dress with a mix of feminine and male clothes and wear fearful masks. In Eastern Bulgaria they are mostly dressed in bridal attire. In Pirin and Sofia area they wear tall hats, big masks and make noises with huge bells tied to a belt on their waist.


 

The ritual itself is mostly the same with local differences. Kukeri gather in the center of the village, from where they go to the houses which they bless for fertility and health. After touring the village, the company returns to the main square.


 

There they run in different directions, playing as loud as possible with the bells clinging on their belts. It is believed that the more noisy they are, the quicker they will chase away the evil powers and spirits. The day ends with big bonfires, dances and a big party.


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